Naturally occurring aromatic steroids and their biological activities

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2018 Jun;102(11):4663-4674. doi: 10.1007/s00253-018-8968-7. Epub 2018 Apr 21.


The present review describes the distribution and biological activities of natural mono-, di-, and triaromatic steroids. It is shown that the producers of aromatic steroids are microorganisms, fungi, and marine invertebrates, and also they were found in plants, animals, marine sediments, and karst deposits. Eighty biologically active aromatic steroids likely have an anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotection activity with a confidence of 78 to 92%. The structures and predicted biological activities of aromatic steroids are available. This review emphasizes the role of aromatic steroids as an important source and potential leads for drug discovery and they are of great interest to chemists, physicians, biologists, pharmacologists, and the pharmaceutical industry.

Keywords: Aromatic; Fungi; Invertebrates; Lipids; Microorganisms; Plant; Sediments; Steroids.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Drug Discovery*
  • Steroids / metabolism*


  • Steroids