Background: The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of the management of both horizontal and vertical defects of alveolar crest using the bone slat technique approach in conjunction with third molar removal prior to implant placement in the aesthetic area.
Methods: We present a 20-year-old female patient who lost a maxillary lateral incisor. The objective of treatment was to replace the lateral incisor with an implant-supported crown restoration without interfering with the integrity and topography of the adjacent gingival tissues. Because the future implant site showed horizontal and vertical bone defect the Authors decided to perform bone regeneration. The need for such bone augmentation in the younger patient often coincides with the timing for third molar removal. By combining third molar extraction with bone harvest and alveolar grafting, the patient undergoes only one surgical approach. The bone height (9.5 mm) and width (5.7 mm) were measured at the point of interest (tooth 12) both before and after implant placement in the reconstructed panoramic and parasagittal views by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scan.
Results: The final results demonstrated an increase in length of 5 mm after bone slat technique (from 9.5 mm to 13.5 mm) and an increase in width of 1 mm (from 5.7 mm to 6.7 mm). ISQ measurements were recorded at the time of implant placement (the mean was: 68.5) and immediately after individualized screw-retained provisional crown (the mean was: 77).
Conclusions: This technique is reliable and aesthetic and functional results appear to be stable and respect this requisite: simple and fast graft harvesting and low risk of morbidity especially in conjunction with third molar removal.
Keywords: alveolar bone grafting; alveolar ridge augmentation; bone slat technique; esthetics.
Conflict of interest statement
Conflict of interest No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
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