Image-guided chemical and thermal ablations for thyroid disease: Review of efficacy and complications

Head Neck. 2018 Sep;40(9):2103-2115. doi: 10.1002/hed.25181. Epub 2018 Apr 23.


Image-guided ablation of thyroid disease is increasingly being commonly reported. Techniques including ethanol injection and thermal ablation using radio-frequency, laser, and microwave devices have been described. Minimally invasive approaches to the management of benign cystic, solid, and functional thyroid nodules as well as both primary and recurrent thyroid malignancy have been reported. The purpose of this article is to review the current evidence relating to image-guided ablation of thyroid disease with a focus on clinical outcomes and complication rates for patients treated with this minimally invasive approach.

Keywords: ethanol; laser; microwave; radiofrequency; thyroid nodule.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ablation Techniques / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Thyroid Diseases / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome