Coenzyme Q 10 supplementation reduces oxidative stress and decreases antioxidant enzyme activity in children with autism spectrum disorders

Psychiatry Res. 2018 Jul;265:62-69. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.03.061. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Abstract

Antioxidants and oxidative stress can participate in pathobiochemical mechanisms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The aim was to identify the effects of early CoQ10 supplementation on oxidative stress in children with ASDs. Ninety children with ASDs were included in this study, based on DSM-IV criteria and using Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) scores. Concentrations of CoQ10, MDA, total antioxidant status (TAS) assay, and antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase or SOD and glutathione peroxidase or GPx) activity were determined in serum before and after 100 days of supportive therapy with CoQ10 at daily doses of 30 and 60 mg. Data on children's behavior were collected from parents and babysitters. CoQ10 supportive therapy was determined after three months with daily dose 2 ͯ 30 mg improved oxidative stress in the children with ASDs. A relation was seen between serum MDA (r2 = 0.668) and TAS (r2 = 0.007), and antioxidant enzymes (SOD [r2 = 0.01] and GPx [r2 = 0.001]) activity and CARS score. Based on the results, high doses of CoQ10 can improve gastrointestinal problems (P = 0.004) and sleep disorders (P = 0.005) in children with ASDs with an increase in the CoQ10 of the serum. We concluded that the serum concentration of CoQ10 and oxidative stress could be used as relevant biomarkers in helping the improvement of ASDs.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Autistic spectrum disorder; Coenzyme Q(oenzyme10); Oxidative stress; Supplementation.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / blood
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / drug therapy*
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / psychology
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Catalase / blood
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Female
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / blood
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • Superoxide Dismutase / blood
  • Ubiquinone / administration & dosage
  • Ubiquinone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Ubiquinone / blood
  • Vitamins / administration & dosage*
  • Vitamins / blood

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Biomarkers
  • Vitamins
  • Ubiquinone
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • coenzyme Q10
  • Ubiquinone Q2