Clinical Outcomes and Complications after Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Utilizing Conventional Plates in 65 Distal Radial and Ulnar Fractures of Miniature- and Toy-Breed Dogs

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2018 May;31(3):214-217. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1639485. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Abstract

Objective: This article aims to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications of distal radial and ulnar fractures in miniature- and toy-breed dogs treated with conventional bone plate fixation.

Methods: Medical records (2001-2010) of miniature- and toy-breed dogs with distal radial and ulnar fractures repaired with open reduction and internal fixation utilizing conventional plates were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were body weight of <7 kg, fracture located in the distal antebrachium (distal-to-total radial length ratio < 0.4) and follow-up radiographs available.

Results: All 65 fractures healed without developing non-union, and had a successful return to normal function (median follow-up: 73 months; range: 2-149 months). Minor complication in seven fractures and major complication in four fractures were identified.

Clinical significance: Open reduction and conventional plate fixation of distal radial and ulnar fractures in miniature- and toy-breed dogs are effective means of fixation that result in normal functional outcome without developing non-union.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Plates / veterinary*
  • Dogs / injuries*
  • Dogs / surgery
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal / veterinary*
  • Radius Fractures / surgery
  • Radius Fractures / veterinary*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ulna Fractures / surgery
  • Ulna Fractures / veterinary*