"Be Straight Up and So Will He": Evaluation of a Novel HIV Prevention Condom Distribution and Health Communication Intervention Targeting Young African American Females

AIDS Educ Prev. 2018 Apr;30(2):137-151. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2018.30.2.137.


This study evaluated a novel 3-month campus-based HIV prevention condom distribution and health communication intervention for African American females attending a historically Black college in North Carolina. The theoretical framework for study incorporated the integrative model of behavioral prediction and the theory of gender and power. The intervention provided free condoms via condom dispensers with point-of-access messaging on the dispensers. We assessed 195 individuals before and 118 three months after the intervention. Almost 90% of participants were exposed to the intervention. Forty-four percent used the dispensers, 70% of whom reported using the condoms for sexual intercourse. Perceptions of condom availability and accessibility increased significantly after the intervention. In a multiple regression analysis controlling for covariates, dispenser use was significantly associated with greater condom use. These findings show the promise of a low-cost, broad-reach HIV/STI prevention intervention for young African American women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans* / psychology
  • African Americans* / statistics & numerical data
  • Condoms*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Communication*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • North Carolina
  • Pilot Projects
  • Program Evaluation / methods*
  • Safe Sex
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities
  • Young Adult