Time and temperature dependent analytical stability of dry-collected Evalyn HPV self-sampling brush for cervical cancer screening

Papillomavirus Res. 2018 Jun:5:192-200. doi: 10.1016/j.pvr.2018.04.005. Epub 2018 Apr 22.


As a new initiative, HPV self-sampling to non-attenders using the dry Evalyn self-sampling brush is offered in the Capital Region of Denmark. The use of a dry brush is largely uncharted territory in terms of analytical stability. In this study we aim to provide evidence on the analytical quality of dry HPV self-sampling brushes as a function of time and temperature. We assessed the analytical stability of dry stored Evalyn brushes at three different temperatures, (4 °C, room temperature, 30 °C) and five different storage time points; T = 0 (baseline), 2, 4, 8, 16, and 32 weeks prior to HPV analysis using the BD Onclarity HPV assay. Mean Ct value of the Onclarity internal control was used as comparator of cellularity across time and temperatures, with no or only borderline statistical differences observed. HPV detection was stable throughout the five time points. In addition, analytically amplifiable DNA copy numbers and DNA fragmentation was assessed using the Agena iPLEX Exome QC assay, with no or only borderline statistical differences observed. In conclusion, the Evalyn brush is analytically stable with respect to human genomic material and HPV detection for up to 32 weeks at temperatures ranging from 4 °C to 30 °C.

Keywords: Analytical stability; Cervical cancer screening; Dry self-sampling brushes; HPV; Self-sampling.

MeSH terms

  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Diagnostic Self Evaluation
  • Early Detection of Cancer / instrumentation*
  • Early Detection of Cancer / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification
  • Papillomavirus Infections / diagnosis
  • Specimen Handling / instrumentation*
  • Specimen Handling / methods
  • Temperature*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology