Sodium glucose cotransporter inhibitors (SGLTi) are oral hypoglycemic drugs that reduce renal glucose re-uptake and induce glycosuria. SGLTi have been successfully tested in large randomized clinical trials for type 2 diabetes, and several molecules have been approved in this setting by the international pharmaceutical agencies. Additionally, recent evidence has shown that SGLTi may be useful also in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Indeed, these drugs can be used as an ancillary to insulin to improve glycemic control and reduce insulin dosage, and such regimens have been associated with a lower rate of hypoglycemic episodes. The pharmacological effects of SGLTi therapy are described herein, and we also discuss the future use of SGLTi in T1D.
Keywords: Diabetic kidney disease; Gliflozin; SGLT1; SGLT2; Type 1 diabetes.
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