Objectives: Bordetella pertussis continues to cause outbreaks worldwide. To assess the role of children and adolescent in transmission of pertussis in Asia, we performed a multinational serosurveillance study.
Methods: From July 2013 to June 2016, individuals aged 10 to 18 years who had not received any pertussis-containing vaccine within the prior year were recruited in 10 centres in Asia. Serum anti-pertussis toxin (PT) IgG was measured by ELISA. Demographic data and medical histories were obtained. In the absence of pertussis immunization, anti-PT IgG ≥62.5 IU/mL was interpreted as B. pertussis infection within 12 months prior, among them levels ≥125 IU/mL were further identified as infection within 6 months.
Results: A total of 1802 individuals were enrolled. Anti-PT IgG geometric mean concentration was 4.5, and 87 (4.8%) individuals had levels ≥62.5 IU/mL; among them, 73 (83.9%) had received three or more doses of pertussis vaccine before age 6 years. Of 30 participants with persistent cough during the past 6 months, one (3.3%) had level ≥125 IU/mL. There was no significant difference in proportions with anti-PT IgG ≥62.5 IU/mL among age groups (13-15 vs. 10-12 years, 16-18 vs. 10-12 years), between types of diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DTP; whole cell vs. acellular), number of doses before age 6 years within the DTP whole-cell pertussis vaccine (five vs. four doses) or acellular pertussis vaccine (five vs. four doses) and history of persistent cough during the past 6 months (yes vs. no).
Conclusions: There is significant circulation of B. pertussis amongst Asian children and adolescents, with one in 20 having serologic evidence of recent infection regardless of vaccination background.
Keywords: Anti-PT IgG; Asian adolescents; Bordetella pertussis; Pertussis infection; Seroepidemiology.
Copyright © 2018 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.