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. 2018 Apr 23;5(4):54.
doi: 10.3390/children5040054.

Pediatric Integrative Medicine in Residency Program: Relationship Between Lifestyle Behaviors and Burnout and Wellbeing Measures in First-Year Residents

Free PMC article

Pediatric Integrative Medicine in Residency Program: Relationship Between Lifestyle Behaviors and Burnout and Wellbeing Measures in First-Year Residents

Hilary McClafferty et al. Children (Basel). .
Free PMC article


It is widely recognized that burnout is prevalent in medical culture and begins early in training. Studies show pediatricians and pediatric trainees experience burnout rates comparable to other specialties. Newly developed Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in professionalism and personal development recognize the unacceptably high resident burnout rates and present an important opportunity for programs to improve residents experience throughout training. These competencies encourage healthy lifestyle practices and cultivation of self-awareness, self-regulation, empathy, mindfulness, and compassion—a paradigm shift from traditional medical training underpinned by a culture of unrealistic endurance and self-sacrifice. To date, few successful and sustainable programs in resident burnout prevention and wellness promotion have been described. The University of Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine Pediatric Integrative Medicine in Residency (PIMR) curriculum, developed in 2011, was designed in part to help pediatric programs meet new resident wellbeing requirements. The purpose of this paper is to detail levels of lifestyle behaviors, burnout, and wellbeing for the PIMR program’s first-year residents (N = 203), and to examine the impact of lifestyle behaviors on burnout and wellbeing. The potential of the PIMR to provide interventions addressing gaps in lifestyle behaviors with recognized association to burnout is discussed.

Keywords: burnout; pediatrics; preventive lifestyle behaviors; residents; resilience.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Figure 1
Figure 1
On-site physician wellness activities—number of sites by year.

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