DXA Imaging in Nontypical Populations

Radiol Technol. 2018 Mar;89(4):371-387.


Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease involving reduced bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue. The use of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for evaluating bone mass in geriatric patients is well established. However, radiologic technologists also might conduct DXA examinations on younger adults and children. This article discusses diagnosis of osteoporosis and alternative indications for clinical use of DXA.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon / methods*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bone Density
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Osteoporosis / diagnostic imaging*