Klebsiella spp. isolates from community-acquired infections were characterized. A total of 39 Klebsiella spp. isolates were obtained from outpatients at four rural hospitals in Mexico (2013-2014). The biochemical tests identified all as being K. pneumoniae. The molecular multiplex-PCR test identified 36 (92.4%) K. pneumoniae isolates and one (2.5%) K. variicola isolate, and phylogenetic analysis of the rpoB gene identified two isolates (5.1%) belonging to K. quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae and K. quasivariicola. The last one was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis of six-loci concatenated genes. Mostly the isolates were multidrug resistant; however, a minority were extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing (10.2%). The extended-spectrum β-lactamase CTX-M-15 gene was identified in these isolates. Analysis of biofilm production and the hypermucoviscosity phenotype showed a total of 35 (92.3%) and seven (17.9%) of the isolates were positive for these phenotypes respectively. The K2 (4/39, 10.2%), K5 (2/39, 5.1%) and K54 (1/39, 2.5%) serotypes were identified in seven (17.9%) of the isolates, and only 28.5% (2/7) hypermucoviscous isolates were positive for the K2 and K5 serotypes. In general, the sequence type (ST) analysis and phylogenetic analysis of seven multilocus sequence typing loci were heterogeneous; however, ST29 was the most prevalent ST in the analysed isolates, accounting for 19% (4/21) of the total isolates. Two of the four ST29 isolates had the hypermucoviscosity phenotype. The virulence factors for fimbriae were the most prevalent, followed by siderophores. Community-acquired infections are caused by various species from Klebsiella genus, with different profiles of antibiotic resistance and heterogeneous virulence factors.
Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility; Bacterial resistance; Cephalosporin resistance; Community infection; ESBL; Hypermucoviscosity.