Epigenomics: Technologies and Applications

Circ Res. 2018 Apr 27;122(9):1191-1199. doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.118.310998.


The advent of high-throughput epigenome mapping technologies has ushered in a new era of multiomics where powerful tools can now delineate and record different layers of genomic output. Integrating various components of the epigenome from these multiomics measurements allows the interrogation of cellular heterogeneity in addition to the discovery of molecular connectivity maps between the genome and its functional output. Mapping of chromatin accessibility dynamics and higher-order chromatin structure has enabled new levels of understanding of cell fate decisions, identity, and function in normal development, physiology, and disease. We provide a perspective on the progress of the epigenomics field and applications and anticipate an even greater revolution in our understanding of the human epigenome for years to come.

Keywords: chromatin; epigenomics; genomics; humans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / genetics
  • Chromatin / genetics*
  • Chromatin / ultrastructure
  • Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
  • Coronary Disease / genetics
  • Epigenomics / methods*
  • Epigenomics / trends
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics
  • Single-Cell Analysis


  • Chromatin
  • RNA, Long Noncoding