Mutation of CD2AP and SH3KBP1 Binding Motif in Alphavirus nsP3 Hypervariable Domain Results in Attenuated Virus

Viruses. 2018 Apr 27;10(5):226. doi: 10.3390/v10050226.


Infection by Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) of the Old World alphaviruses (family Togaviridae) in humans can cause arthritis and arthralgia. The virus encodes four non-structural proteins (nsP) (nsP1, nsp2, nsP3 and nsP4) that act as subunits of the virus replicase. These proteins also interact with numerous host proteins and some crucial interactions are mediated by the unstructured C-terminal hypervariable domain (HVD) of nsP3. In this study, a human cell line expressing EGFP tagged with CHIKV nsP3 HVD was established. Using quantitative proteomics, it was found that CHIKV nsP3 HVD can bind cytoskeletal proteins, including CD2AP, SH3KBP1, CAPZA1, CAPZA2 and CAPZB. The interaction with CD2AP was found to be most evident; its binding site was mapped to the second SH3 ligand-like element in nsP3 HVD. Further assessment indicated that CD2AP can bind to nsP3 HVDs of many different New and Old World alphaviruses. Mutation of the short binding element hampered the ability of the virus to establish infection. The mutation also abolished ability of CD2AP to co-localise with nsP3 and replication complexes of CHIKV; the same was observed for Semliki Forest virus (SFV) harbouring a similar mutation. Similar to CD2AP, its homolog SH3KBP1 also bound the identified motif in CHIKV and SFV nsP3.

Keywords: CD2AP; Chikungunya virus; SH3 ligand; SH3KBP1; alphavirus; proteomics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism*
  • Alphavirus / genetics
  • Alphavirus / physiology*
  • Amino Acid Motifs / genetics*
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites / genetics*
  • CapZ Actin Capping Protein / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Chikungunya virus / genetics
  • Chikungunya virus / physiology
  • Cricetinae
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Protein Binding
  • Semliki forest virus / genetics
  • Semliki forest virus / physiology
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins / chemistry*
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins / metabolism*
  • Virus Replication / genetics


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • CD2-associated protein
  • CapZ Actin Capping Protein
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • SH3KBP1 protein, human
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins