Comparing the effects of relaxation technique and inhalation aromatherapy on fatigue in patients undergoing hemodialysis

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 May;31:210-214. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.02.019. Epub 2018 Mar 6.


This study aimed to compare the effects of relaxation techniques on fatigue in hemodialysis patients. This clinical trial study was conducted on 105 hemodialysis patients. The subjects were categorized into three groups as: relaxation, aromatherapy and control. In the relaxation group, Benson muscle relaxation techniques were employed; in the aromatherapy group, the inhalation of two drops of 5% lavender essential oil used and the control group only received regular healthcare actions. Data collected by using brief fatigue inventory, before and after the intervention. Results of the current study indicated significant differences in the mean of changes in fatigue scores before and after the intervention between the relaxation and aromatherapy groups, but the difference was insignificant in the control group. Aromatherapy with lavender essential oil can decrease the level of fatigue in the patients undergoing hemodialysis compared to Benson relaxation techniques.

Keywords: Aromatherapy; Fatigue; Hemodialysis; IRCT2015050322067N1; Lavender; Muscle relaxation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aromatherapy*
  • Fatigue / drug therapy
  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Fatigue / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lavandula*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oils, Volatile / therapeutic use*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Plant Oils / therapeutic use*
  • Relaxation Therapy*
  • Relaxation*
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*


  • Oils, Volatile
  • Plant Extracts
  • Plant Oils
  • lavender oil