Purpose: Administering oral medication to infants is challenging for caregivers, often resulting in incomplete delivery of the intended dose. Pacidose® is an oral medication delivery device that consists of a syringe attached to a tunneled pacifier. This study aimed to determine caregiver and nurse satisfaction and success rate of the Pacidose in the administration of acetaminophen to infants in the pediatric emergency department (ED).
Design and methods: This was a prospective trial involving a convenience sample of patients who presented to a pediatric ED between November 2015 and August 2016. Patients younger than 24 months with a physician order for acetaminophen were eligible. Each child received a single dose of acetaminophen delivered by the Pacidose. Nurses, parents, and observing investigators were surveyed with a standardized questionnaire regarding the effectiveness, satisfaction and success rate of Pacidose.
Results: 61 patients were enrolled. The median age was 10 months and Pacidose was successful in 77% of patients. Those who required an alternative delivery route were older and no longer used pacifiers. Nurses reported that Pacidose helped administer the medication more easily in 66% of infants and 95% of parents preferred the Pacidose over standard delivery devices.
Conclusions: Pacidose was well tolerated by infants, and both parents and nurses were highly satisfied with this method of administering acetaminophen.
Practice implications: Pacidose is an easy to implement device that can help nurses with oral medication administration. It may have the greatest impact in younger children with recent pacifier use.
Keywords: Acetaminophen; Dosing; Drug delivery system; Oral medication; Pediatric ED.
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