Importance of Reperfusion Status after Intra-Arterial Thrombectomy for Prediction of Outcome in Anterior Circulation Large Vessel Stroke

Interv Neurol. 2018 Apr;7(3-4):137-147. doi: 10.1159/000486246. Epub 2018 Jan 25.


Background: Reperfusion status after intra-arterial thrombectomy (IAT) is a critical predictor of functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke. However, most prognostic models have not included a detailed assessment of reperfusion status after IAT.

Objective: The aim of this work was to assess the association between successful reperfusion and clinical outcome.

Methods: Clinical, radiological, and procedural variables of patients treated with IAT were extracted from our prospective stroke registry. The association with functional outcome using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) after 3 months was assessed using multivariable logistic regression. An extension of the modified TICI score, eTICI, was used to classify reperfusion status. The prognostic value of reperfusion status after IAT in addition to age, stroke severity, imaging characteristics, treatment with intravenous thrombolysis, and time from symptom onset to the end of IAT was assessed with logistic regression and summarized with receiver operating characteristic curves.

Results: In total, 119 patients were included (mean age 66 years). In multivariable analysis, age >80 years (OR 6.8, 95% CI 1.2-39.8), NIHSS at presentation >15 (OR 7.3, 95% CI 2.3-23.5), and incomplete reperfusion status (eTICI score <2C; OR 10.3, 95% CI 3.5-30.6) were the strongest predictors of a poor outcome (mRS 3-6). Adding reperfusion status to the model improved the prognostic accuracy (AUC 0.88, 95% CI 0.91-0.94). Our results indicate a large difference between using an eTICI cutoff of ≥2C versus ≥2B: a cutoff ≥2C improved the predictive value for a good clinical outcome (2C: positive predictive value, PPV, 0.78; 2B: PPV 0.32).

Conclusion: Our results promote using reperfusion status for assessing prognosis in ischemic stroke patients treated with IAT. A model using eTICI ≥2C had greater PPV than eTICI ≥2B and could improve prognostic accuracy.

Keywords: Intra-arterial thrombectomy; Ischemic stroke; Predictor; Prognosis; Reperfusion.