Background: To ascertain whether the tip-apex distance (TAD), calcar referenced TAD (CalTAD), and the sum of both (TADcalTAD) are predictive measurements of mobilisation of the cephalic screw in patients with trochanteric hip fractures.
Methods: Between 2014 and 2015, 68 patients (mean age 86 years, 45 females, 23 males) with a trochanteric hip fracture underwent intramedullary nailing. The TAD and CalTAD were measured, and for each parameter, we calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV).
Results: There is evidence of a statistically significant association between a TAD and CalTAD greater than 25 mm and a TADcalTAD greater than 50 mm and mobilisation of the cephalic screw. All measurements have similar sensitivity, but the TAD presents the highest specificity (p < 0.01).
Conclusion: To avoid the risk of mobilisation of the cephalic screw and possible subsequent failure of the construct, surgeons should strive for a TAD and CalTAD less than 25 mm and a TADcalTAD less than 50 mm when using intramedullary fixation.
Keywords: CalTAD; Fracture; Hip; TAD; TADcalTAD.