Basic Body Awareness Therapy in patients suffering from fibromyalgia: A randomized clinical trial

Physiother Theory Pract. 2019 Oct;35(10):919-929. doi: 10.1080/09593985.2018.1467520. Epub 2018 May 3.


Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess whether Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) improves musculoskeletal pain, movement quality, psychological function, and quality of life. Methods: The effects of BBAT in addition to treatment as usual (TAU) were studied in a randomized controlled trial. Forty-one patients were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 21) and an intervention group (n = 20). Both groups received TAU including pharmacological therapy. The intervention group took part in 10 BBAT sessions. Outcome variables were measured regarding pain, movement quality, psychological function, and quality of life. Outcome measures were assessed before intervention, in posttest, and in follow-ups at 12 and 24 weeks. Results: The BBAT group showed significant improvement in 'pain' at posttest (p = 0.037) and in 'movement quality' from baseline to 24 weeks (p = 0.000). Intragroup analysis showed significant improvements in the SF-36 body pain subscale at 12 and 24 weeks (p = 0.001, p = 0.014), Hospital Anxiety Depression scale in anxiety subscale at 12 weeks (p = 0.019), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory anxiety questionnaire at 12 and 24 weeks (p = 0.012, p = 0.002), and STAI state at 12 and 24 weeks (p = 0.042, p = 0.004). Conclusion: This study showed that BBAT might be an effective intervention in patients suffering from fibromyalgia in relation to pain, movement quality, and anxiety.

Keywords: Pain; anxiety; body awareness therapy; depression; movement quality; physiotherapy.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Awareness*
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Fibromyalgia / psychology*
  • Fibromyalgia / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mind-Body Therapies*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires