Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate outcomes of adventitial dexamethasone delivery adjunctive to standard endovascular revascularization in femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease.
Background: Drug-coated balloons and drug-eluting stents improve patency of endovascular interventions with passive diffusion of antiproliferative drugs. Adventitial dexamethasone delivery targets the initial triggers of the inflammatory reaction to injury, thus potentially providing a potent antirestenotic strategy.
Methods: The single-arm DANCE (Dexamethasone to the Adventitia to Enhance Clinical Efficacy After Femoropopliteal Revascularization) trial enrolled 262 subjects (283 limbs) with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (Rutherford category 2 to 4) receiving percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) (n = 124) or atherectomy (ATX) (n = 159) in femoropopliteal lesions ≤15 cm in length. A mixture of dexamethasone/contrast medium (80%/20%) was delivered to the adventitia and perivascular tissues surrounding target lesions in all subjects. Thirty-day assessments included major adverse limb events (MALE) and post-operative death. Twelve-month assessments included primary patency, freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR), Rutherford scoring, and walking impairment questionnaire.
Results: At 12 months, primary patency rates in DANCE-ATX and -PTA per-protocol populations were 78.4% (74.8% intent-to-treat [ITT]) and 75.5% (74.3% ITT), respectively. Rates of CD-TLR in DANCE-ATX and -PTA subjects were 10.0% (13.1% ITT) and 11.0% (13.7% ITT), respectively. There were no 30-day MALE + post-operative death events nor 12-month device- or drug-related deaths or MALE.
Conclusions: Direct adventitial delivery of dexamethasone appears to be an effective and safe therapy to prevent restenosis. Randomized studies are needed to further test this possibility. (Dexamethasone to the Adventitia to Enhance Clinical Efficacy After Femoropopliteal Revascularization [DANCE]; NCT01983449).
Keywords: adventitia; dexamethasone; drug delivery; peripheral artery disease; restenosis.
Copyright © 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.