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. 2018;65(4):170-178.
doi: 10.11236/jph.65.4_170.

[The Current Situation and Agendas in the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in Vietnam]

[Article in Japanese]
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Free article

[The Current Situation and Agendas in the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in Vietnam]

[Article in Japanese]
Kiyoko Hattori et al. Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. .
Free article

Abstract

Objectives In Vietnam, the number of patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been increasing in recent years in association with the country's remarkable economic growth and corresponding changes in its population's lifestyle. The purposes of this research were to identify the challenges in the prevention and control of NCDs in Vietnam and to discuss countermeasures for NCDs in Vietnam and Japan.Methods As a 2015 Regional Public Health Overall Promotion Project, an investigation team consisting of 11 public health physicians visited Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, and its vicinities from January 11, 2016 to January 15, 2016. In Hanoi and its vicinities, we visited local healthcare institutions, such as the World Health Organization(WHO) Representative Office in Vietnam and Ministry of Health of Vietnam, and discussed the prevention and control of NCDs in Vietnam and Japan.Results According to a survey in 2014, 73% of people of all age groups in Vietnam died from NCDs and the number of people suffering from NCDs has been sharply increasing in recent years. Major behavioral risk factors are dietary risks, tobacco smoke, alcohol use, and physical inactivity. There are four main problems with prevention and control of NCDs: 1) low awareness among the people of NCDs, 2) regional disparity of medical services, 3) shortage of healthcare staff members with professional knowledge, and 4) poor NCD surveillance. In Vietnam, an NCD program with screening methods and medical guidelines for respective diseases was developed in 2002. However, it only covered tertiary prevention and did not fully describe the primary and secondary prevention measures. Currently, with the technical assistance of the WHO, the implementation of countermeasures emphasizing prevention and control to reduce NCD risk factors has only just begun.Conclusion It was considered that educating each person in Vietnam on NCD prevention measures would be necessary and that a national policy, like Healthy Japan 21 of Japan, and a nationwide screening project, such as specific medical checkups, could serve as a useful reference. We found that public health activities in Japan to penetrate a region mainly involving public health nurses had played important roles for Japanese people's health. Furthermore, Japan shares with Vietnam the challenges including the shortage of human resources, and therefore, the securement of healthcare staff members who confront health challenges and the enhancement of their abilities is required.

Keywords: Vietnam; non-communicable disease; prevention and control.

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