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, 44 (2), 59-65

Three-dimensional Optimization and Sensitivity Analysis of Dental Implant Thread Parameters Using Finite Element Analysis


Three-dimensional Optimization and Sensitivity Analysis of Dental Implant Thread Parameters Using Finite Element Analysis

Maryam Geramizadeh et al. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg.


Objectives: This study aimed to optimize the thread depth and pitch of a recently designed dental implant to provide uniform stress distribution by means of a response surface optimization method available in finite element (FE) software. The sensitivity of simulation to different mechanical parameters was also evaluated.

Materials and methods: A three-dimensional model of a tapered dental implant with micro-threads in the upper area and V-shaped threads in the rest of the body was modeled and analyzed using finite element analysis (FEA). An axial load of 100 N was applied to the top of the implants. The model was optimized for thread depth and pitch to determine the optimal stress distribution. In this analysis, micro-threads had 0.25 to 0.3 mm depth and 0.27 to 0.33 mm pitch, and V-shaped threads had 0.405 to 0.495 mm depth and 0.66 to 0.8 mm pitch.

Results: The optimized depth and pitch were 0.307 and 0.286 mm for micro-threads and 0.405 and 0.808 mm for V-shaped threads, respectively. In this design, the most effective parameters on stress distribution were the depth and pitch of the micro-threads based on sensitivity analysis results.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the optimal implant design has micro-threads with 0.307 and 0.286 mm depth and pitch, respectively, in the upper area and V-shaped threads with 0.405 and 0.808 mm depth and pitch in the rest of the body. These results indicate that micro-thread parameters have a greater effect on stress and strain values.

Keywords: Biomechanics; Dental implants; Finite element; Optimization; Thread design.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1. Implant model and the whole model.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2. Iterations of solving the problem to find the perfect candidates to optimize the chosen parameters.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3. Three candidate points for output results (P1: microthread depth, P2: V-shaped thread depth, P3: micro-thread pitch, P4: V-shaped thread pitch, P5: maximum von-Mises stress, P6: maximum von-Mises strain).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4. Consideration of stress and strain quantities to find the best points to minimize both (green zone).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5. Sensitivity analysis of maximum stress and strain with respect to the four input parameters.

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