Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)/Polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites for Energy Storage and Conversion

Adv Compos Hybrid Mater. 2018 Mar;1(1):185-192. doi: 10.1007/s42114-017-0002-5. Epub 2017 Sep 25.


Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)/Polyacrilonitrile (PAN)/Multiwalled nanotubes functionalized COOH (MWNT-COOH) nanocomposites with different contents of MWNTs were fabricated by using electrospinning and solution cast methods. The interaction of the MWNTs with the polymer blend was confirmed by a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy study. The dispersion of the MWNTs in the polymer blend was studied by scanning electron microscopy. The impedance and electrical conductivity of PVDF-PAN/CNTs in a wide frequency range at different temperatures have been studied. The effect of the concentration of the filler on the conductivity of the polymer composite was discussed. Nanocomposites based on PVDF/PAN and MWNTs as filler, show a significant enhancement in the electrical conductivity as a function of temperature.