Background: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the ability of glass ionomer cements (GICs) and resin-based sealants (RBSs) to prevent the occurrence of caries and their retention in standards-based clinical studies.
Types of studies reviewed: The authors conducted a literature search (from database inception through September 20, 2017) to identify studies for inclusion in this systematic review. The authors assessed the quality of the evidence with the modified Jadad scale and performed the meta-analysis by using a random-effects model.
Results: The authors considered 20 studies on caries prevention and 28 studies on retention that met the inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis. The results of the meta-analysis for caries development showed no significant difference (odds ratio, 0.938; 95% confidence interval, 0.647 to 1.359; P = .734). However, the result for the retention rate showed the advantage of RBSs (odds ratio, 6.006; 95% confidence interval, 3.226 to 11.183; P = .000).
Conclusions and practical implications: There was no difference between the percentage of caries development with use of GICs as fissure sealing material compared with that for the conventional RBSs, but the retention rate of conventional RBSs was much higher than that of the GICs.
Keywords: Pit-and-fissure sealants; glass ionomer cements; meta-analysis; systematic review.
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