Calculation of Left Ventricular Diastolic Time Constant (TAU) in Dogs with Mitral Regurgitation Using Continuous-Wave Doppler

Ultrasound Med Biol. 2018 Aug;44(8):1778-1785. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2018.03.023. Epub 2018 May 4.


The left ventricular diastolic time constant (Tau) cannot be practically measured non-invasively. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate a new method for the evaluation of Tau using continuous-wave (CW) Doppler in dogs with mitral regurgitation. Guided by ultrasound, we created 12 beagle models of mitral regurgitation and acute ischemic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Raw audio signals of the CW Doppler spectra were collected, and new mitral regurgitation Doppler spectra were observed after computer re-processing. The new Doppler spectra contour line was constructed using MATLAB (Version R2009), and two time intervals, t1-t2 and t1-t3, were measured on the descending branch of the mitral regurgitation Doppler spectrum and were substituted into Bai's equation group. The Doppler-derived Tau (Tau-d) was resolved and compared with the simultaneous catheter-derived Tau (Tau-c). No significant difference (p > 0.05) between Tau-d (49.33 ± 18.79 ms) and Tau-c (48.76 ± 17.60 ms) was found. A correlation analysis between Tau-d and Tau-c suggested a strong positive relationship (r = 0.85, p = 0.000). Bland-Altman plots of Tau-d and Tau-c revealed fair agreement. Compared with previous non-invasive approaches, this method is simpler and more accurate. There is a strong positive relationship and fair agreement between Tau-d and Tau-c.

Keywords: Doppler echocardiography; Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction; Left ventricular diastolic time constant; Mitral regurgitation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Diastole
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dogs
  • Echocardiography, Doppler / methods*
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology*
  • Time
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology*