Formulation and evaluation of carrot seed oil-based cosmetic emulsions

J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2019;21(2):99-107. doi: 10.1080/14764172.2018.1469769. Epub 2018 May 8.


The present study deals with the evaluation of antiaging potential of carrot seed oil-based cosmetic emulsions. Briefly, cosmetic emulsions composed of carrot seed oil in varying proportions (2, 4, and 6% w/v) were prepared using the hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLB) technique. Coconut oil, nonionic surfactants (Tween 80 and Span 80), and xanthan gum were used as the oil phase, emulgent, and emulsion stabilizer, respectively. The formed emulsions were evaluated for various physical, chemical, and biochemical parameters such as the zeta potential, globule size measurement, antioxidant activity, sun protection factor (SPF), skin irritation, and biochemical studies. The zeta potential values ranged from -43.2 to -48.3, indicating good stability. The polydispersity index (PDI) of various emulsion formulations ranged from 0.353 to 0.816. 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl- (DPPH) and nitric oxide-free radical scavenging activity showed the antioxidant potential of the prepared carrot seed oil emulsions. The highest SPF value (6.92) was shown by F3 having 6%w/v carrot seed oil. Histopathological data and biochemical analysis (ascorbic acid (ASC) and total protein content) suggest that these cosmetic emulsions have sufficient potential to be used as potential skin rejuvenating preparations.

Keywords: Antiaging; Carrot seed oil; Cosmetic; Emulsions.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Coconut Oil / chemistry
  • Cosmetics / adverse effects
  • Cosmetics / chemistry*
  • Cosmetics / pharmacology*
  • Daucus carota*
  • Emulsions / adverse effects
  • Emulsions / chemistry*
  • Emulsions / pharmacology*
  • Free Radical Scavengers / chemistry
  • Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology
  • Particle Size
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial / chemistry
  • Polysorbates / chemistry
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sun Protection Factor


  • Antioxidants
  • Cosmetics
  • Emulsions
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial
  • Polysorbates
  • Coconut Oil
  • xanthan gum