Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) clipping of the sympathetic branch has become the standard approach for the treatment of essential hyperhidrosis when conservative treatment failed. However, this is associated with relevant potential complications such as postoperative compensatory sweating and recurrent sweating. We report the outcome after selective sympathectomy (ramicotomy) through a miniuniportal VATS approach in patients with therapy-refractory palmar and/or axillary hyperhidrosis.
Methods: A total of 51 consecutive patients (37 females, mean age: 30 years, range: 12-64 years) who suffered from therapy-refractory palmar and/or axillary severe hyperhidrosis were included. Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent bilateral miniuniportal VATS ramicotomy. Duration of surgery, hospital stay, recurrent, and compensatory sweating were documented.
Results: All patients had palmar sweating, where 51% had additional axillary sweating and 57% had additional plantar sweating. In all patients, selective division of the rami communicantes of the thoracic sympathetic ganglions Th2 to Th5 was performed. The mean duration of bilateral surgery for both sides was 67 ± 2.5 minutes. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 2 ± 1 days. After surgery and at further follow-up (mean: 12 ± 2.5 months), all patients presented dry and warm hands and axillae, without any evidence of compensatory or recurrent sweating. All patients described a remarkable increase in quality of life.
Conclusion: Miniuniportal VATS ramicotomy represents a feasible surgical technique with a very high success and satisfaction rate. Therefore, this approach should be considered as the method of choice for the treatment of patients with severe therapy-refractory palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.