A-C Estrogens as Potent and Selective Estrogen Receptor-Beta Agonists (SERBAs) to Enhance Memory Consolidation under Low-Estrogen Conditions

J Med Chem. 2018 Jun 14;61(11):4720-4738. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01601. Epub 2018 Jun 4.


Estrogen receptor-beta (ERβ) is a drug target for memory consolidation in postmenopausal women. Herein is reported a series of potent and selective ERβ agonists (SERBAs) with in vivo efficacy that are A-C estrogens, lacking the B and D estrogen rings. The most potent and selective A-C estrogen is selective for activating ER relative to seven other nuclear hormone receptors, with a surprising 750-fold selectivity for the β over α isoform and with EC50s of 20-30 nM in cell-based and direct binding assays. Comparison of potency in different assays suggests that the ER isoform selectivity is related to the compound's ability to drive the productive conformational change needed to activate transcription. The compound also shows in vivo efficacy after microinfusion into the dorsal hippocampus and after intraperitoneal injection (0.5 mg/kg) or oral gavage (0.5 mg/kg). This simple yet novel A-C estrogen is selective, brain penetrant, and facilitates memory consolidation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Estrogen Receptor beta / agonists*
  • Estrogen Receptor beta / chemistry
  • Estrogen Receptor beta / metabolism
  • Estrogens / chemistry*
  • Estrogens / metabolism
  • Estrogens / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • MCF-7 Cells
  • Memory Consolidation / drug effects*
  • Molecular Docking Simulation
  • Protein Conformation
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Estrogen Receptor beta
  • Estrogens
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System