The Effect of Different Doses of Extracorporeal Shock Waves on Experimental Model Mandibular Distraction

J Craniofac Surg. 2018 Sep;29(6):1666-1670. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000004571.

Abstract

Objective: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is widely used treatment for the bone deformities. In addition extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a new perspective on noninvasive modalities of management of the bone regeneration. We examined the effects of 2 different single doses of ESWT on the consolidation period of DO of the rabbit mandible using stereological, radiological and immunohistochemical methods in the present study.

Methods: DO was performed unilaterally in the mandible of 18 New Zealand rabbits (6 months' old, weighing between 2.5 and 3 kg). The distraction zone of the mandible has received no treatment as controls. Group 2 (ESWT 500) received ESWT (single dose of 500 impulses 0.19 mJ/mm energy flux intensity and 2155 mJ totally) were applied on the first day of the consolidation. Group 3 (ESWT 1000) treated with ESWT (single dose of 1000 impulses0.19 mJ/mm energy flux intensity and 4310 mJ totally) were applied on the first day of the consolidation period. After the sacrification, radiologically bone mineral density, new bone formation, new fibrous tissue, and new vessel formation were analyzed using unbiased stereological methods.

Results: It was found a statistically significant difference between the study groups and control group in the bone mineral density measurements and the highest values were in the ESWT1000 group. In terms of stereological analysis, there was a significant difference between the study groups and control group (P = 0.00). The new capillary volume was highest in the E1000 group. Additionally, significant differences were found in point of the capillary volumes between the groups control and ESWT500 (P = 0.001), control and ESWT1000 (P = 0.000), ESWT500 and ESWT1000 (P = 0.040), respectively.

Conclusions: A total of 1000 impulses ESWT may induce the growth factors to enhance the newly formed bone regeneration.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Density
  • Bone Regeneration / physiology
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy / methods*
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Mandibular Reconstruction / methods*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Osteogenesis, Distraction / methods*
  • Rabbits