The present study compares the performances of an in-house sequencing protocol developed on MiSeq, the Sanger method, and the 454 GS-FLX for detecting and quantifying drug-resistant mutations (DRMs) in the human immunodeficiency virus polymerase gene (reverse transcriptase [RT] and protease [PR]). MiSeq sequencing identified all the resistance mutations detected by bulk sequencing (n = 84). Both the MiSeq and 454 GS-FLX platforms identified 67 DRMs in the RT and PR regions, but a further 25 DRMs were identified by only one or other of them. Pearson's analysis showed good concordance between the percentage of drug-resistant variants determined by MiSeq and 454 GS-FLX sequencing (ρ = .77, P < .0001). The MiSeq platform is as accurate as the 454 GS-FLX Roche system for determining RT and PR DRMs and could be used for monitoring human immunodeficiency virus type 1 drug resistance.
Keywords: MiSeq; deep sequencing; polymerase drug resistance.
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