Background: At our institution, we noted that children with hematologic malignancies and solid tumors often suffered from ingrown toenails (IGTNs) during hospitalization for chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. However, only few reports have dealt with IGTNs in the above setting.
Procedure: Between August 2007 and July 2017, 180 children who received treatment for hematologic malignancies and solid tumors at our institute were enrolled in this study. Twelve patients with insufficient data and 7 patients with past histories of IGTNs were excluded. A total of 161 patients were analyzed. Median age at admission was 7.9 years (range, 1.0 to 25.4 y), with 92 males and 69 females. Diagnoses were hematologic diseases in 128 patients, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in 75 patients, and solid tumors in 33 patients.
Results: A total of 22 patients (13.7%) suffered from IGTNs (or toe paronychia) during hospitalization. Multivariable analysis disclosed a strong correlation between the occurrence of IGTNs and older age (over 9.0 y) and ALL.
Conclusions: Patient-related factors, such as age over 9 years and ALL were associated with IGTNs. This is the first report of a survey on IGTNs in patients with hematologic malignancies and solid tumors hospitalized for chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation.