Demonstration of a Speckle Based Sensing with Pulse-Doppler Radar for Vibration Detection

Sensors (Basel). 2018 May 3;18(5):1409. doi: 10.3390/s18051409.


In previous works, an optical technique for extraction and separation of remote static vibrations has been demonstrated. In this paper, we will describe an approach in which RF speckle movement is used to extract remote vibrations of a static target. The use of conventional radar Doppler methods is not suitable for detecting vibrations of static targets. In addition, the speckle method has an important advantage, in that it is able to detect vibrations at far greater distances than what is normally detected in classical optical methods. The experiment described in this paper was done using a motorized vehicle, which engine was turned on and off. The results showed that the system was able to distinguish between the different engine states, and in addition, was able to determine the vibration frequency of the engine. The first step towards real time detection of human vital signs using RF speckle patterns is presented.

Keywords: Pulse-Doppler Radar; antenna; optical scattering; receiver; speckle; transmitter.