Magnetic Resonance Imaging technology-bridging the gap between noninvasive human imaging and optical microscopy

Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2018 Jun;50:250-260. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2018.04.026. Epub 2018 May 11.

Abstract

Technological advances in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) have provided substantial gains in the sensitivity and specificity of functional neuroimaging. Mounting evidence demonstrates that the hemodynamic changes utilized in functional MRI can be far more spatially and thus neuronally specific than previously believed. This has motivated a push toward novel, high-resolution MR imaging strategies that can match this biological resolution limit while recording from the entire human brain. Although sensitivity increases are a necessary component, new MR encoding technologies are required to convert improved sensitivity into higher resolution. These new sampling strategies improve image acquisition efficiency and enable increased image encoding in the time-frame needed to follow hemodynamic changes associated with brain activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Microscopy*
  • Oxygen / blood

Substances

  • Oxygen