SNPnexus: assessing the functional relevance of genetic variation to facilitate the promise of precision medicine

Nucleic Acids Res. 2018 Jul 2;46(W1):W109-W113. doi: 10.1093/nar/gky399.


Broader functional annotation of genetic variation is a valuable means for prioritising phenotypically-important variants in further disease studies and large-scale genotyping projects. We developed SNPnexus to meet this need by assessing the potential significance of known and novel SNPs on the major transcriptome, proteome, regulatory and structural variation models. Since its previous release in 2012, we have made significant improvements to the annotation categories and updated the query and data viewing systems. The most notable changes include broader functional annotation of noncoding variants and expanding annotations to the most recent human genome assembly GRCh38/hg38. SNPnexus has now integrated rich resources from ENCODE and Roadmap Epigenomics Consortium to map and annotate the noncoding variants onto different classes of regulatory regions and noncoding RNAs as well as providing their predicted functional impact from eight popular non-coding variant scoring algorithms and computational methods. A novel functionality offered now is the support for neo-epitope predictions from leading tools to facilitate its use in immunotherapeutic applications. These updates to SNPnexus are in preparation for its future expansion towards a fully comprehensive computational workflow for disease-associated variant prioritization from sequencing data, placing its users at the forefront of translational research. SNPnexus is freely available at

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Genome, Human / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Precision Medicine / trends
  • RNA, Untranslated / genetics
  • Software*


  • RNA, Untranslated