Objectives: This study sought to define the characteristics and risks of death of patients receiving a physician-designated secondary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in contemporary clinical practice.
Background: Data on utilization and outcomes of ICDs for the secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) are limited.
Methods: Patients enrolled in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's (NCDR) ICD Registry from 2006 to 2009 with a physician-designated secondary prevention indication for ICD implantation were identified and linked to the Social Security Death Master File. Those patients with a history either of tachycardic arrest or sustained ventricular tachycardia (SCD/VT) or of syncope without SCD/VT were included. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to assess mortality. Cox proportional hazards survival modeling was used to assess the risk of death in these groups, adjusting for patient characteristics.
Results: In the study cohort of 46,685 patients (mean age 66 ± 14 years, 73.5% male, 85% white), 78% had SCD/VT and 22% had syncope. Overall mortality was 10.4% at 1 year and 16.4% at 2 years. Compared with patients having SCD/VT, the adjusted hazard of death at 1 year was lower in the patients having syncope (hazard ratio: 0.89; 95% confidence interval: 0.83 to 0.96) but was not significantly different by 2 years (hazard ratio: 0.96; 95% confidence interval: 0.90 to 1.01).
Conclusions: Nearly 9 of 10 patients receiving a secondary prevention ICD in clinical practice are alive 1 year after implantation. The risk of death varies by indication and is highest among patients who survive SCD or sustained VT in the first year after device implantation.
Keywords: arrhythmia; implantable cardioverter-defibrillator; secondary prevention; sudden cardiac death; survival.
Copyright © 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.