Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death and permanent disability worldwide. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) of variable duration times could be anticipated to result in varying degrees of injury that evolve spatially over time. Therefore, investigations following strokes require information concerning the spatiotemporal dimensions of the ischemic core as well as of perilesional areas. In the present study, multiphoton microscopy (MPM) based on two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) and second harmonic generation (SHG) was applied to image such pathophysiological events. The ischemic time-points for evaluation were set at 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours after MCAO. Our results demonstrated that MPM has the ability to not only identify the normal and ischemic brain regions, but also reveal morphological changes of the cortex and striatum at various times following permanent MCAO. These findings corresponded well with the hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained tissue images. With the technologic progression of miniaturized imaging devices, MPM can be developed into an effective diagnostic and monitoring tool for ischemic stroke.
Keywords: (180.4315) Nonlinear microscopy; (190.1900) Diagnostic applications of nonlinear optics.