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Review
, 75 (14), 2557-2574

Cellular Mechanisms Responsible for Cell-To-Cell Spreading of Prions

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Review

Cellular Mechanisms Responsible for Cell-To-Cell Spreading of Prions

Didier Vilette et al. Cell Mol Life Sci.

Erratum in

Abstract

Prions are infectious agents that cause fatal neurodegenerative diseases. Current evidence indicates that they are essentially composed of an abnormally folded protein (PrPSc). These abnormal aggregated PrPSc species multiply in infected cells by recruiting and converting the host PrPC protein into new PrPSc. How prions move from cell to cell and progressively spread across the infected tissue is of crucial importance and may provide experimental opportunity to delay the progression of the disease. In infected cells, different mechanisms have been identified, including release of infectious extracellular vesicles and intercellular transfer of PrPSc-containing organelles through tunneling nanotubes. These findings should allow manipulation of the intracellular trafficking events targeting PrPSc in these particular subcellular compartments to experimentally address the relative contribution of these mechanisms to in vivo prion pathogenesis. In addition, such information may prompt further experimental strategies to decipher the causal roles of protein misfolding and aggregation in other human neurodegenerative diseases.

Keywords: Exosomes; Extracellular vesicles; Multivesicular bodies; Prion diseases; Protein aggregation.

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