Using the Teaching Perspectives Inventory as an Introduction to a Residents-as-Teachers Curriculum

J Educ Perioper Med. 2017 Oct 1;19(4):E614. eCollection 2017 Oct-Dec.


Objective: The Anesthesiology Milestone Project includes a milestone for assessing the teaching attributes of residents within the competency of Practice-based Learning and Improvement. We intend to develop a Residents-as-Teachers educational curriculum to assist our residents in successfully achieving this milestone. The goal of this study is to identify the specific teaching perspectives and intentions of our residents and to promote residents' comprehension of their own teaching philosophy.

Methods: We invited our residents to complete the Teaching Perspective Inventory (TPI) and a follow-up survey to gather information regarding dominant and recessive teaching perspectives, their intended career pathway, and their view of the importance of understanding teaching perspectives.

Results: The two most common dominant teaching perspectives are apprenticeship and nurturing for residents who are planning a career in both academic medicine and private practice. A greater percentage of residents planning an academic career agree that identifying their teaching perspective is beneficial to their role as a clinical educator, compared to those anticipating a career in private practice.

Conclusions: Based on this pilot data, our Residents-as-Teachers curriculum will include instruction of educational strategies specifically designed towards the apprenticeship and nurturing perspectives.

Keywords: milestones; resident education; residents-as-teachers; teaching perspectives.