Objective: Identify predictors of patient satisfaction with antenatal care (ANC) and maternity services in rural Rwanda.
Setting: Twenty-six health facilities in Southern Kayonza (SK) and Kirehe districts.
Participants: Sample of women ≥ 16 years old receiving antenatal and delivery care between November and December 2013.
Intervention: Survey of patient satisfaction with antenatal and delivery care to inform quality improvement (QI) initiatives aimed at reducing neonatal mortality.
Main outcome measure: Overall satisfaction with antenatal and delivery care (reported as excellent or very good).
Results: In multivariate logistic regression analysis, high perceived quality [odds ratio (OR) = 3.03, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.565.88], respect [OR = 4.13, 95% CI: 2.16-7.89], and confidentiality [SK: OR = 7.50, 95% CI: 2.16-26.01], [Kirehe: OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 0.60-3.94] were associated with higher overall satisfaction with ANC, while having ≥1 child compared to none [OR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.25-0.84] was associated with lower satisfaction. For maternity services, <5 years of school versus ≥5 years [OR = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.026-0.69] and higher cleanliness [OR = 19.23, 95% CI: 2.22-166.83], self-reported quality [OR = 10.52, 95% CI: 1.81-61.22], communication [OR = 8.78, 95%CI: 1.95-39.59], and confidentiality [OR = 8.66, 95% CI: 1.20-62.64] were all positively associated with high satisfaction. Higher comfort [OR: 0.050, 95% CI: 0.0034-0.71] and Kirehe vs. SK district [OR: 0.21, 95% CI: 0.042-1.01] were associated with lower satisfaction.
Conclusions: Patient-centeredness (including interpersonal relationships), organizational factors, and location are important individual determinants of satisfaction for women seeking maternal care at study facilities. Understanding variation in these factors should inform QI efforts in maternal and newborn health programs.