Increased atrial natriuretic peptide in an early stage of chronic glomerulonephritis

Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1988 Jun;48(4):347-55. doi: 10.3109/00365518809167507.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), angiotensin II (AII), aldosterone (Aldo), arginine vasopressin (AVP) in plasma, urinary excretion of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and urinary sodium excretion rate (UNaV) were determined in 11 normotensive patients with chronic glomerulonephritis and a normal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and in 14 healthy control subjects before, during and after intravenous infusion of a 2.5% sodium chloride solution. During basal conditions ANP was increased in patients compared with controls (9.8 pmol/l (median) versus 7.2 pmol/l, p less than 0.01). After sodium infusion ANP was unchanged in the patients but significantly increased in the controls. AII, Aldo, AVP in plasma and urinary PGE2 excretion were the same in patients and controls. The urinary sodium excretion rate was significantly increased in patients compared with controls during sodium infusion (p less than 0.05). No correlations were found between ANP and UNaV, AII or Aldo in either patients or controls. The relationship between serum osmolality (Sosm) and AVP was normal in the patients. It can be concluded that in normotensive patients with chronic glomerulonephritis and normal GFR, ANP is increased during basal conditions and the response to acute volume expansion may be blunted. The renin-angiotensin system, the osmoregulatory system and urinary PGE2 excretion are normal and respond in a normal way to volume expansion. It is suggested that the increased level of ANP can be viewed as a compensatory phenomenon to an abnormal sodium or volume homeostasis in the early stages of chronic glomerulonephritis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aldosterone / blood
  • Angiotensin II / blood
  • Arginine Vasopressin / blood
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Glomerulonephritis / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prostaglandins E / urine
  • Saline Solution, Hypertonic
  • Sodium / urine


  • Prostaglandins E
  • Saline Solution, Hypertonic
  • Angiotensin II
  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Aldosterone
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Sodium