Health Research Participation, Opportunity, and Willingness Among Minority and Rural Communities of Arkansas

Clin Transl Sci. 2018 Sep;11(5):487-497. doi: 10.1111/cts.12561. Epub 2018 May 17.


Prior research suggests that rural and minority communities participate in research at lower rates. While rural and minority populations are often cited as being underrepresented in research, population-based studies on health research participation have not been conducted. This study used questions added to the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand factors associated with i) health research participation, ii) opportunities to participate in health research, and iii) willingness to participate in health research from a representative sample (n = 5,256) of adults in Arkansas. Among all respondents, 45.5% would be willing to participate in health research if provided the opportunity and 22.1% were undecided. Only 32.4% stated that they would not be willing to participate in health research. There was no significant difference in participation rates for rural or racial/ethnic minority communities. Furthermore, racial/ethnic minority respondents (Black or Hispanic) were more likely to express their willingness to participate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arkansas
  • Female
  • Health Services Research*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Participation*
  • Rural Population*
  • Young Adult