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Comparative Study
. 2018 Aug;51:170-176.
doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2018.02.036. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Midterm Outcomes of Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair With Carbon Dioxide-Guided Angiography

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Comparative Study

Midterm Outcomes of Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair With Carbon Dioxide-Guided Angiography

Yuriko Takeuchi et al. Ann Vasc Surg. .
Free article

Abstract

Background: Although iodinated contrast (IC) agents are commonly used in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), perioperative use in patients with renal dysfunction or IC allergies is avoided. Carbon dioxide (CO2)-guided angiography is a promising alternative. We aimed to evaluate short-term and midterm outcomes of EVAR using CO2-guided angiography.

Methods: Three hundred eighty-one patients who underwent EVAR from January 2012 to September 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and divided into an IC-EVAR group (n = 351) and CO2-EVAR group (n = 30). Subjects in the CO2-EVAR group had severe renal dysfunction (n = 27) and IC allergy (n = 4). Intraoperative, postoperative, and follow-up variables were compared.

Results: Compared with the IC-EVAR group, preoperative serum creatinine level was significantly higher (2.0 vs. 0.92 mg/dL, P < 0.0001) and mean IC dose was significantly lower (18 vs. 55 mL, P < 0.0001) in the CO2-EVAR group. The fluoroscopy time, operative time, number of stent grafts placed, and technical success rates of the groups were similar; no type I and/or type III endoleaks were detected on completion angiography. There was no acute kidney injury and one case of intestinal necrosis in the CO2-EVAR group, potentially due to cholesterol embolism. Postoperative endoleak, enlargement of aneurysms, survival, freedom from secondary intervention, and renal function change up to 3 months, postoperatively, were similar between the groups.

Conclusions: CO2-EVAR is technically feasible and exhibits prominent renal protection. However, consideration of the aortic lumen status remains an important challenge.

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