Cognitive and hippocampus biochemical changes following sleep deprivation in the adult male rat

Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Aug:104:69-76. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.04.197. Epub 2018 May 14.


Sleep deprivation (SD) influences physiological processes such as cognitive function. The balance of oxidant and antioxidant markers, neurotrophic factors and magnesium are affected by sleep deprivation but there is no difference between pre and post training sleep deprivation. This study was designed to investigate memory retrieval and biochemical factors such as oxidant and antioxidant enzyme, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and magnesium levels in the hippocampus following pre and post-training sleep deprivation. Male Wistar rats (weighing 200 ± 20 g) in below groups were used: control 1, 24, 48 and 72 h SD before training groups, control2, 24 h SD1 after training (being evaluated 24 h after training) and SD2 24 after training (being evaluated 48 h after training). Memory was evaluated 90 min, 24 h or 48 h after training by step-through passive avoidance apparatus. Multiple platforms method was used to induce SD. Oxidant and antioxidant markers including glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GPx), malonedialdehyde (MDA), Total antioxidant concentration, catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), magnesium and BDNF were assessed in the hippocampus or/and brain. 72 h pre-training SD impaired short and long-term memory significantly. There was no significant difference in hippocampus oxidant and antioxidant markers compared to control. Hippocampal BDNF and magnesium did not show any changes in all SD groups. Lack of correlation between memory impairment and levels of BDNF, magnesium and/or oxidant and antioxidant balance in the hippocampus is likely to be related to animal locomotor activity in the multiple platforms method. More research is needed to clarify the role of neurochemical systems.

Keywords: BDNF; Magnesium; Memory; Oxidative stress; Sleep deprivation.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Maze Learning / physiology
  • Memory / physiology
  • Memory Disorders / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sleep Deprivation / metabolism*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism


  • Antioxidants
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • BDNF protein, human
  • Catalase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione