Possible orientational constraints determine secretory signals induced by aggregation of IgE receptors on mast cells

EMBO J. 1988 Dec 20;7(13):4101-9.

Abstract

Three biologically active monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for the monovalent, high-affinity membrane receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon R) were employed in analysing the secretory response of mast cells of the RBL-2H3 line to crosslinking of their Fc epsilon R. All three mAbs (designated F4, H10 and J17) compete with each other and with IgE for binding to the Fc epsilon R. Their stoichiometry of binding is 1 Fab:1 Fc epsilon R, hence, the intact mAbs can aggregate the Fc epsilon Rs to dimers only. Since all three mAbs induce secretion, we conclude that Fc epsilon R dimers constitute a sufficient 'signal element' for secretion of mediators for RBL-2H3 cells. The secretory dose-response of the cells to these three mAbs are, however, markedly different: F4 caused rather high secretion, reaching almost 80% of the cells' content, while J17 and H10 induced release of only 30-40% mediators content. Both the intrinsic affinities and equilibrium constants for the receptor dimerization were derived from analysis of binding data of the Fab fragments and intact mAbs. These parameters were used to compute the extent of Fc epsilon R dimerization caused by each of the antibodies. However, the different secretory responses to the three mAbs could not be rationalized simply in terms of the extent of Fc epsilon R dimerization which they produce. This suggests that it is not only the number of crosslinked Fc epsilon Rs which determines the magnitude of secretion-causing signal, but rather other constraints imposed by each individual mAb are also important.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte / physiology*
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cell Line
  • Immunoglobulin E / metabolism
  • Mast Cells / immunology
  • Mast Cells / metabolism
  • Mast Cells / physiology*
  • Models, Biological
  • Receptors, Fc / physiology*
  • Receptors, IgE
  • Signal Transduction*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte
  • Receptors, Fc
  • Receptors, IgE
  • Immunoglobulin E