Eight series of quinazoline derivatives bearing 2,3-dihydro-indole or 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline were designed, synthesized and evaluated for the IC50 values against three cancer cell lines (A549, MCF-7 and PC-3). Most of the forty nine target compounds showed excellent antiproliferative activity against one or several cancer cell lines. The compound 13a showed the best activity against A549, MCF-7 and PC-3 cancer cell lines, with the IC50 values of 1.09 ± 0.04 μM, 1.34 ± 0.13 μM and 1.23 ± 0.09 μM, respectively. Eight selected compounds were further selected to evaluated for the inhibitory activity against EGFR kinase. Three of them showed equal activity against EGFR kinase to positive control afatinib. AnnexinV-FITC, propidium iodide (PI) double staining and acridine orange single staining results indicated that the compound 13a could induce apoptosis of human lung cancer A549 cells.
Keywords: Antiproliferative activity; EGFR inhibitors; Quinazoline derivatives; Synthesis.
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