The proteins Orai1 and STIM1 control store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) into cells. SOCE is important for migration, invasion and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells and has been proposed as a target for cancer drug discovery. Two hit compounds from a medium throughput screen, displayed encouraging inhibition of SOCE in MDA-MB-231 cells, as measured by a Fluorescence Imaging Plate Reader (FLIPR) Ca2+ assay. Following NMR spectroscopic analysis of these hits and reassignment of their structures as 5-hydroxy-5-trifluoromethylpyrazolines, a series of analogues was prepared via thermal condensation reactions between substituted acylhydrazones and trifluoromethyl 1,3-dicarbonyl arenes. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies showed that small lipophilic substituents at the 2- and 3-positions of the RHS and 2-, 3- and 4-postions of the LHS terminal benzene rings improved activity, resulting in a novel class of potent and selective inhibitors of SOCE.
Keywords: Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channel; Hydroxy-trifluoromethylpyrazoline; Inhibitor; Orai1; Store-operated Ca(2+)entry (SOCE); Structure-activity relationship (SAR); Triple negative breast cancer.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.