[Epidemiology of alcohol dependence]

Presse Med. 2018 Jun;47(6):535-546. doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2018.04.009. Epub 2018 May 18.
[Article in French]


Excessive alcohol consumption is the second leading preventable cause of death in France (49,000/year), after tobacco consumption. Several recent studies found that the alcohol-related negative health consequences may occurs with small amounts of alcohol, in particular cancers. Therefore, the risk thresholds for alcohol consumption have been recently recommended not to be higher than 100g/week. Early age of onset of alcohol use is a strong predictor of alcohol use disorders and alcohol-related negative health outcomes. Subjects with alcohol use disorders are underdiagnosed and undertreated, with less than 10-15% of patients with severe alcohol use disorders per DSM-5 criteria receiving treatment. Early treatment of patients with alcohol use disorders decreases the alcohol-related negative health outcomes.

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholism / complications
  • Alcoholism / epidemiology*
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors