Better-quality diet is associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis in US Hispanics/Latinos

J Clin Periodontol. 2018 Jul;45(7):780-790. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12926. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Abstract

Aim: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Materials and methods: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24-hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥5 mm. Diet quality was assessed using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010). We evaluated the association of diet quality with severe periodontitis adjusting for age, sex, nativity status, income, education, last dental visit, current insurance, cigarette smoking, diabetes, and energy intake.

Results: Relative to those at the lowest quartile of diet quality, individuals at the highest quartile had significantly lower odds of severe periodontitis (adjusted OR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.39-0.82), with evidence of a dose-response relationship across AHEI quartiles. Among AHEI-2010 components, higher consumption of whole grains and fruits, and lower consumption of red/processed meats were associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis.

Conclusion: Better-quality diet was associated with lower prevalence of severe periodontitis although the causal pathways need to be clarified in future work.

Keywords: diet quality; hispanics; latinos; periodontal disease; periodontal inflammation; periodontitis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet*
  • Energy Intake
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Periodontitis*
  • Young Adult