Metabolic Myopathies and the Respiratory System

Clin Chest Med. 2018 Jun;39(2):401-410. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2018.02.001.


Metabolic myopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by inherited defects of enzymatic pathways involved in muscle cellular energetics and adenosine triphosphate synthesis. Skeletal and respiratory muscles are most affected. There are multiple mechanisms of disease. The age of onset and prognosis vary. Metabolic myopathies cause exercise intolerance, myalgia, and increase in muscle breakdown products during exercise. Some affect smooth muscle like the diaphragm and cause respiratory failure. The pathophysiology is complex and the evidence in literature to guide diagnosis and management is sparse. Treatment is limited. This review discusses the pathophysiology and diagnostic evaluation of these disorders.

Keywords: Glycogen storage disease; Lipid; Metabolic myopathies; Metabolism; Mitochondrial disease; Myopathy; Purine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Muscular Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / physiopathology*