Jugular Venous Flow Quantification Using Doppler Sonography

Ultrasound Med Biol. 2018 Aug;44(8):1762-1769. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2018.04.010. Epub 2018 May 18.


A consensus on venous flow quantification using echo spectral Doppler sonography is lacking. Doppler sonography data from 83 healthy individuals were examined using manually traced transverse cross-sectional area and diameter-derived cross-sectional area obtained in longitudinal view measurements of the internal jugular vein. Time-averaged velocity over a 4-s interval was obtained in the longitudinal plane using manual tracing of the waveform. Manual and computer-generated blood flow volume calculations were also obtained for the common carotid artery, for accuracy purposes. No differences were detected between semi-automated and manual blood flow volume calculations for the common carotid artery. The manual calculation method resulted in almost twofold larger venous internal jugular vein flow measurements compared with the semi-automated method. Doppler sonography equipment does not provide accurate automated calculation of venous size and blood flow. Until further technological development occurs, manual calculation of venous blood flow is warranted.

Keywords: Blood flow; Doppler sonography; Internal jugular vein; Veins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jugular Veins / diagnostic imaging
  • Jugular Veins / physiology*
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods*